Each year, the 14th of November is designated as World Diabetes Day. The main objective of this day is to raise public awareness of diabetes, which is a major health problem that can cause a variety of other health-related issues. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) established World Diabetes Day in 1991 as a reaction to the diabetes epidemic that was spreading quickly around the world. Every year on this day, diabetes awareness campaigns are held around a particular theme. In 2022, the theme for World Diabetes Day was, “Access to Diabetes Care”.
Let’s first familiarize ourselves with the definition of diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that develops when your blood sugar level is too high. When you have diabetes, your body either produces insufficient insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should. Serious health issues like heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease may result from it. There are 3 main types of diabetes. Those are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
What is type 1 diabetes? It can be caused by an autoimmune reaction. An autoimmune reaction is when the body unintentionally attacks itself. Because of that, the body stops making insulin. According to studies, 5-10% of diabetes patients have type 1 diabetes. Typically, children and young adults are the ones who are diagnosed with it. Most importantly, it is a must to take insulin every day for patients with type 1 diabetes. Despite the fact that it took many years, there’s still no treatment for this disease.
The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. It uses insulin poorly and struggles to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels. People at any age can be vulnerable to it. Most of the people who have type 2 diabetes may not notice any symptoms. But eventually, it can lead to type 1 diabetes. Therefore, it’s important that you visit a doctor and get your health evaluated every two months. As type 1 diabetes can be controlled by using insulin, type 2 diabetes can also be prevented or delayed by following a healthy lifestyle. Eating healthy food, losing weight, and being active are some of the effective ways that we can stop being affected by diabetes.
The other type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. It develops in some women when they are pregnant. This type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, it greatly increases the chance that both the mother and the child may eventually acquire type 2 diabetes.
However, more than 10% of the world population is affected by diabetes which is a serious health issue. As per studies, more than 1 in 4 of them are unaware that they have diabetes. Age 45 or older, a family history of diabetes, being overweight, not exercising regularly, being a certain race, and other factors such as high blood pressure all increase your risk of getting diabetes. However, living a healthy lifestyle can help anyone delay or avoid developing diabetes. World Diabetes Day raises awareness of the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle and being physically fit in order to combat diabetes, one of the major global challenges.
Written by : Rtr. Shathurshanan Manoharan
Thumbnail Designed by : Rtr. Hanaa Azhar