The day of Eid-al-Adha falls on the tenth day in the final (twelfth) month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar. The day that celebrations fall on is dependent on a legitimate sighting of the moon, following the completion of the annual Holy Pilgrimage of Hajj – which is an obligation for all Muslims who fit specific criteria, one of the important Five Pillars of Islam.
The purpose of Eid-al-Adha is to remember Prophet Ibrahim’s love to Allah and his willingness to offer his son Ismail as a sacrifice. Ismail was to be sacrificed in place of his son, but just before the sacrifice, Allah replaced with a ram. This command from Allah was a test of Prophet Ibrahim’s readiness and resolve to obediently carry out his Lord’s instructions. Eid-al-Adha, then, is a celebration of sacrifice. Depending on the country, the celebrations of Eid-al-Adha can last anywhere between two and four days. The act of sacrifice is carried out following the Eid Salaah (Eid Prayers), which are performed in congregation at the nearest Mosque on the morning of Eid.
In order to commemorate this day and remember the sacrifice made by Prophet Ibrahim for Allah, the act of Qurbani entails the killing of an animal as a sacrifice. Udhiya is another name for this. Three days, from the 10th to the 12th of Dhu-al-Hijjah, are set aside for animal sacrifice. The sacrificial animal must be a sheep, lamb, goat, cow, bull, or camel; the sheep, lamb, or goat consist of one Qurbani share, whereas a bull, cow, or camel consists of seven shares per animal. The animal must be in good health and over a certain age in order to be slaughtered, in a “halal” friendly, Islamic way.
The Qurbani meat can then be divided into shares of three equal portions, one for you and your family, one-third for friends, and one for giving to those in need. Many Muslims traditionally dress up for the festival, attend prayers at their mosque, visit with family and friends, exchange presents, and donate to charitable organizations.
Eid al-Adha can also be spelled ʾId al-Adha or Eid-ul-Adha. It’s often referred to simply as Eid. However, Eid can also refer to another festival, Eid al-Fitr, which happens at a different time. Eid al-Adha is sometimes called Big Eid, the Festival of Sacrifice, and the Great Festival
One traditional greeting for Eid al-Adha is Eid Mubarak, roughly meaning “Happy Eid” or “Blessed Eid.”
Written by : Rtr. Koushika Umesh
Thumbnail Designed by : Rtr. Hanaa Azhar